Now that we know a bit more about insulin-resistant diabetes, the next question that you may have is what causes this form of diabetes. We already know that this is the most common form of diabetes, but why are so many people developing this condition? Am I more likely to suffer from this diabetes because of some risk factors or is it all just random?
Insulin is a hormone that is naturally synthesized within the body. The pancreas produces and releases the insulin when you eat and digest your meals. The insulin is responsible for taking the sugars that you eat and transporting them from the blood to the cells so that this sugar can be used properly for energy production. This is what’s supposed to happen when insulin is working properly and when diabetes is not present.
In Type 2 diabetes, insulin-resistant diabetes, your body does not respond the way that it should to the insulin. The hormone is being produced, but it is not being used efficiently. In the beginning, the pancreas is going to see that the sugars are still in the bloodstream and aren’t being absorbed, so it will try to compensate for this by producing even more insulin. At the same time, the cells may absorb some of it, they are resistant to the insulin and a lot of it remains unabsorbed. Over time, this will start to cause damage to the pancreas and may even result in the pancreas no longer being able to produce any insulin if you don’t receive proper treatments.
When the body isn’t using the insulin in an effective manner, the glucose, or sugar, will start building up in your bloodstream. Even though you are most likely taking in enough calories for energy, the body is going to be starving for more because none of the energy is getting to the cells.
While doctors know about the process of insulin-resistant diabetes, it is still unknown exactly what triggers this series of events. Some studies show that it has to do with dysfunction of the cells inside of the pancreas or with cell signaling and regulation. For some people, the liver may also be producing more glucose, which can worsen the issue. Many times, there are some genetic links to developing this type of diabetes, so if you have someone in your family who is dealing with this issue, you could also end up with Type 2 diabetes at a later time in life, as Type 2 diabetes tends to be genetically inherited.
Even though doctors agree that there is a combination of factors that bring on insulin-resistant diabetes, it is likely that if you have one or more family members who have suffered from this, that you may be predisposed to it, as well. Often, diet has a lot to do with this type of diabetes, because over time, with all that extra sugar along with poor diet, the cells will become resistant no matter how much insulin is produced. It could also be a combination of cell signaling and regulation not working properly.
This is what can make preventing diabetes a bit tricky, because there is not just one single trigger that causes insulin-resistant diabetes. You will need to be responsible for eating properly, listening to your body, exercising and doing other things in order to keep the body functioning properly to avoid issues with this form of diabetes.